The tale involves nine straight-laced, by-the-book, narrow-mined, and lunkheaded young samurai, who want to barrel in and rescue the chamberlain of their clan, being held prisoner by the clan superintendent Kukui (Masao Shimizu). Meeting at a temple to discuss their plans, the samurai are interrupted by loud yawns from the back room. Emerging from his slumber is Sanjuro (Toshiro Mifune), and he greets the group scratching and yawning. Admonishing the group, he grumpily tells the innocents, "People aren't what they seem. Be careful. You'll never suspect who the worst are. Be careful." As if on cue, Kukui's army sneaks up on the temple, commanded by canny samurai mercenary Hanbei Muroto (Tetsuya Nakadei). Hiding the nine samurai in the temple floorboards, Sanjuro beats back Moroto's men and grumpily offers to help the boys: "I can't stand by and watch you blunder your way to your deaths." The rest of the film consists of Sanjuro maneuvering Muroto away from his armies so that Sanjuro can wipe out the bad guys in dazzling displays of swordplay, but Moroto returns to the scene.
Sanjuro is very much the refashioned film that seeks to become the first sequel among many by softening and sweetening the atmosphere and characters of Yojimbo into formula. The mood is certainly different in Sanjuro. Wherein Yojimbo the tone is dark, bleak, and apocalyptic with howling winds and raging dusk, in Sanjuro, the film takes place in the blinding sunlight with a jokey, lighthearted tone and the sounds of babbling brooks and chirping nightingales replacing Yojimbo's raging end-of-the-world ambience. But Kurosawa is too smart and radical of a director to jump into the formula ocean over his head, and he plays off audience expectations. Kurosawa has Sanjuro continually sneer at the group of proper samurai and their bushid? code of honor and builds up to a big battle scene at the end only to have the swords come out to hack down camellias in a garden.
Stylistically, Sanjuro is a textbook on widescreen composition. Each shot is composed with an eye to character relationships and visual storytelling. Sanjuro is always creatively grouped in the compositions horizontally or vertically opposed to the nine samurai. (The film's biggest laugh comes when Sanjuro sneaks around to the right side of the frame and the nine samurai follow in a line obediently behind him trailing to frame left and Sanjuro cracks, "We can't move like a centipede!") And in one terrific shot, Sanjuro comes calling on Moroto, and the widescreen lens follows Sanjuro back and then tracks down to ground level as Mikune backs up into the camera as a parade of samurai pass by -- but all that is seen in the frame is the tops of their swords and a large, imposing fortress gate.
Kurosawa saves the best for last. A final confrontation that results in a power hose spray of blood that gushes through the easygoing mood of Sanjuro and brings the film down to the grimy, troubling air of reality. A cold bath for us all.
Aka Tsubaki Sanjûrô.
Swords, knees on the floor.
Run time: 96 mins
In Theaters: Tuesday 7th May 1963
Distributed by: Criterion Collection
Production compaines: Toho Company
Contactmusic.com: 3.5 / 5
Rotten Tomatoes: 100%
IMDB: 8.2 / 10
Director: Akira Kurosawa
Starring: Toshirō Mifune as Sanjûrô Tsubaki / The ronin, Tatsuya Nakadai as Hanbei Muroto, Keiju Kobayashi as The Spy, Yûzô Kayama as Iori Izaka, Reiko Dan as Chidori, Mutsuta's daughter, Takashi Shimura as Kurofuji, Kamatari Fujiwara as Takebayashi, Takako Irie as Mutsuta's wife, Masao Shimizu as Kikui, Yûnosuke Itô as Mutsuta, the Chamberlain, Akira Kubo as Samurai, Hiroshi Tachikawa as Samurai, Yoshio Tsuchiya as Samurai, Kunie Tanaka as Samurai, Tatsuyoshi Ehara as Samurai, Sachio Sakai as Samurai