Legendary U.S. athlete Alice Coachman, who became the first black woman to win Olympic gold, has died at the age of 90.

The track and field icon went into cardiac arrest and passed away at a hospital in Albany, Georgia, on Monday (14Jul14), months after suffering a stroke.

Coachman won her place in the Olympic history books at the 1948 London Games, where she competed in the high jump and was awarded the gold medal.

She was presented with the prize by England's King George Vi, the late father of current monarch Queen Elizabeth Ii, and was later invited to the White House, where she was congratulated on her sporting achievement by U.S. President Harry S. Truman.

The sportswoman, who was later known as Alice Coachman Davis, also made history as the first African-American to earn an endorsement deal in 1952, when she signed on to promote Coca-Cola.

She was officially recognised as one of the 100 greatest Olympians in history at the 1996 Summer Olympic Games in Atlanta, Georgia.